Last 12 months were really busy for me workwise, so there was no time to sit down and update the site with all the new articles that came out in the "Firefighting" magazine (and yes, they were faithfully coming out every month). But, as they say, better later than never, so here we go. We will start where we left off and will first cover the June 2018 issue. We started the summer by expanding our discussion to fireground survival. This is because you simply can't conduct any searches safely and saving other people's lives unless you are proficient with taking care of your own survival and being able to save yourself.
As the article is in Russian, I, as usual, will translate its most important points for my English-speaking readers.
- Fireground survival is not a standalone discipline, rather it is a first step in the ladder of mastery when it comes to primary search and rapid intervention. The entire ladder is shown on the picture below. If you want to have a safe and successful career, you need to climb this ladder one step at a time – first learn how to save yourself (fireground survival), then master the art of saving civilians (primary search) and only then tackle the most difficult component – saving other firefighters (rapid intervention). We were discussing this topic in detail in Introduction section of this site.
- In order to survive on the fireground and save other lives, firefighters need to act according to clearly defined order of priorities that start with your own safety. We were also discussing this topic before in Introduction section.
- Modern fires have evolved and became more dangerous to both firefighters and civilians. See detailed discussion of this problem in English in the Introduction section.
- The most fundamental and important fireground survival skill is the ability to call Mayday effectively and without delay. You should never hesitate to call Mayday. Most common reasons for delaying the Mayday are personal pride and the "tough" culture in the fire departments – firefighters are simply afraid that they will later be ridiculed as "weak" if the ask for help. This has to change in the fire service and fire instructors should be the key opinion leaders in that vital process.
- When you feel that your or some other firefighter's life is in danger and you can't solve the problem yourself within 30 second (or even less in some types of emergencies), key up the microphone and transmit "Mayday, Mayday, Mayday" followed by LIP – location, identifier, problem. Do not bother with LUNAR – under critical stress you won't remember what N or A stand for. Keep it simple instead – state where you are first (location) so that even if you lose all radio communication after, at least they will know where to look for you; then state who you are so that they can raise you on the radio again and identify on scene and finally state what your problem is.
If you understand Russian, you can either download and save a copy of the article in PDF format or you can view it right here on this page.